4. "a Phrygian bonnet (a well-known symbol of the Republic)"
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century
5. "I'm a citizen of the republic of empathy."
- Quote by Sam Lipsyte
7. "The Republic cured me of the Republic."
- Barbara W. Tuchman, The Proud Tower: A Portrait of the World Before the War