Helen Graham Quotes.

11. "these boys chipping at the rigidities of social deference, in search of a place, a voice. In Spain too the old power seemed to be dying, but slowly and viciously and, as it turned out, not yet. Nor would it depart in the way scripted by Republican reformers, and not before in its passing it claimed from that generation a barbaric tribute, exacted in the coin of national cleansing"
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

13. "Politics in the 1930s was not a personal option, not something they could take or leave, be or not be. It was a molten flow engulfing the world to remake it, taking possession of personal lives, whether their owners willed it or not,"
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

14. "the categories of Jewish people excluded often at that time mirrored the profile of non-ethnic social and political cleansing elsewhere."
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

15. "similarities between Francoism and Stalinism.)"
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

16. "A [ … ] percentage of the continent’s population had become quite accustomed to the thought that they were outcasts. They could be divided into two main categories: people doomed by biological accident of their race and people doomed for their metaphysical creed or rational conviction regarding the best way to organise human welfare."
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

17. "cold war-derived failure internationally to condemn, or even to recognize, the scale of the abuses committed by the Franco regime"
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

18. "Le Vernet, like Gurs and a small number of the other camps across the south-west, was expressly conceived as a punishment or disciplinary camp."
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

19. "Thus a Western order that retrospectively mythologized its opposition to Nazism as opposition to the camp universe, and which denounced this too as the ultimate offence of Stalinism, patronised a regime in Spain that was, like the Soviet Union’s, based on mass murder and its own gulag."
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

20. "the European concentration camp universe was already in existence."
- Helen Graham, The War and Its Shadow: Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century

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